Profound Multiple Learning Disability explained

A profound and multiple learning disability (PMLD) is when a person has a severe learning disability and other disabilities that significantly affect their ability to communicate and be independent. Someone with PMLD may have severe difficulties seeing, hearing, speaking and moving. They may have complex health and social care needs due to these or other conditions.

(Information taken from: NHS)

The different types of Learning Disabilities

There are different types of Learning Disabilities, which can be catergorised by their severity. The 4 categories for a Learning Disability are:

  1. Mild – usually able to hold a conversation, and communicate most of their wishes and needs. They may need some support to understand abstract or complex information and ideas. They are often independent in caring for themselves, and usually have basic reading and writing skills.
  2. Moderate – likely to have some language skills enabling them to communicate about their day-to-day needs, wants, and wishes. Some may need support with caring for themselves, but many will be able to carry out daily tasks with some support being offered.
  3. Severe – often use basic words or gestures to communicate their needs. Many people living with a severe Learning Disability require a high level of support with everyday activities such as cooking, budgeting, cleaning, and shopping, but many can manage some or all of their personal care. Some people with a severe Learning Disability may have additional medical needs, and some will need support with their mobility.
  4. Profound – people with Profound Multiple Learning Disability are estimated to have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 20 or under, and therefore have severely limited understanding. In addition, they may have multiple disabilities, which can include impairments of vision, hearing and movement, as well as other support needs such as Epilepsy and Autism. Most people with PMLD require support with mobility and many have complex health needs requiring extensive support.

(Information taken from: NADP)


How we can help those with a Profound Multiple Learning Disability (PMLD)

People with PMLD may require a Carer or Carers to help them with most areas of everyday life, such as eating, washing, and going to the toilet. With support, many people can learn to communicate in different ways, be involved in decisions about themselves, do things they enjoy and achieve more independence.

SOS Care Services always work with our service users to understand what support can be offered in a friendly and patient manner. Together, we can work out personal goals to achieve and formulate strategies to help you achieve them in your own time and in a way that benefits you.